Arthropod-borne viruses (arboviruses) comprise many of the most important emerging pathogens due to their geographic expansion and their increasing impact on vulnerable populations. In 2015, Zika virus (ZIKV) became the newest emerging public health threat to Latin America, with more than 14,000 cases in Salvador, Brazil, and accruing substantial evidence of resultant Guillain-Barré and microcephaly.
Project Characterizing the Effects of Antenatal Parasitic Infection on Fetal Immune System Development, Stanford University, Case Western Reserve University, Ministry of Health- Kenya (1/1/2016 - 1/1/2017)
Extensive resources are being committed to improve global childhood vaccination coverage, but the response to standard vaccination is often diminished in children from developing nations. The ineffectiveness of vaccination programs in developing communities has been blamed on cold chain lapses and lack of supportable infrastructure, but chronic infections also play a significant role. Multiple maternal parasitic infections affect the unborn infant and are potentially important vaccine response modifiers, but have not been well studied.
Project Grave Reform in Modern China
The Deathscape China project is building and harnessing an interactive spatial and textual analysis platform to examine the phenomenon of grave relocation in modern China, a campaign that has led to the exhumation and reburial of 10 million corpses in the past decade alone, and has transformed China’s graveyards into sites of acute personal, social, political, and economic contestation.
Project Evaluating effectiveness of typhoid conjugate vaccine introduction in Navi Mumbai, India, Stanford
Navi Mumbai, India
Project Evaluating the efficacy of an integrated smoking cessation intervention for mental health patients, University of Newcastle, NSW Australia
This randomized controlled trial is evaluating smoking cessation treatments initiated with smokers hospitalized for mental illness.
- Jenny Bowman, Associate Professor of Health Psychology, University of Newcastle