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Michele Barry, MD, FACP

Senior Associate Dean, Global Health, Director of Center for Innovation in Global Health, Professor of Medicine (General Medical Discipline), Senior Fellow at the Woods Institute and Senior Fellow at the Freeman Spogli Institute

Bio
Internal Medicine
Tropical Diseases
Administrative Appointments: 
Health Consultant Overseas Programs, Ford Foundation (1995 - 2011)
Paul Rogers Ambassador to US Congress, US Congress (2008 - Present)
Director of Center for Innovation in Global Health, Stanford University (2009 - Present)
Director, Yale/Stanford Johnson & Johnson Global Health Scholars Program, Stanford University Site (2009 - Present)
Senior Associate Dean of Global Health, Stanford University (2009 - Present)
Fellow, American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene (2011 - Present)
Senior Fellow, Freeman Spogli Institute (2011 - Present)
Senior Fellow, Woods Institute (2011 - Present)
Honors and Awards: 
Humanitarian Award, Migration and Refugee, Catholic Services (1981)
Best Doctors in America, Peer Selection--conducted by Connolly-Castle (1996-2010)
President, American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene (2001-2002)
Distinguished Teacher's Award, Yale University (2002)
Institute of Medicine Elected Member, National Academy of Sciences (2002)
Ben Kean Medal, American Society of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene (2010)
Advisory Board, Women and Sex Differences in Medicine (WSDM) (2014)
Professional Organizations: 
Councilor, National Council for American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene (1991 - 1996)
Chair, ASTMH Committee for Certification Exam in the United States (1993 - Present)
Advisory Board, Global Health Corps (2008 - Present)
Advisory Board, Foundation for Advancement of International Education (2009 - Present)
Advisory Board, Harmony in Health, Borneo, Indonesia (2009 - Present)
Founding Board Member, (CUGH) Consortium of University for Global Health (2009 - Present)
Board Member, (FAIMER) Foundation for Advancement of International Medical Education and Research (2010 - Present)
Advisory Board, NIH-Fogarty Center (2012 - Present)
Education: 
Fellowship:Yale School of Medicine (1983) CT
Residency:Yale School of Medicine Appointments (1981) CT
Board Certification: Internal Medicine, American Board of Internal Medicine (1980)
Residency:Yale - New Haven Hospital (1980) CT
Medical Education:Albert Einstein College of Medicine (1977) NY
Fellowship, Yale-New Haven Hospital, Rheumatology (1983)
Chief Residency, Yale-New Haven Hospital, Medicine (1981)
Residency, Yale-New Haven Hospital, Medicine (1980)
Internship, Yale-New Haven Hospital, Medicine (1978)
Diploma, Walter Reed Hospital, DC, Tropical Medicine (1980)
M.D., Albert Einstein College (AOA), Medicine (1977)
A.B., Bryn Mawr College (Magna cum laude), A.B. (1974)
Community and International Work: 
Global Scholars program, Uganda, Borneo,Bangladesh,Eritrea,Liberia,Haiti,South Africa,Liberia
Stanford Global Fellows, Haiti, Uganda,Liberia,Eritrea,Liberia.Borneo
Academic and Contact Information
Alternate Contact: 
Alternate Contact
Clinical Offices: 
Clinical Practices: 
Research & Scholarship
Current Research Interests: 
Michele Barry, MD, FACP is the Senior Associate Dean for Global Health and Director of the Center for Innovation in Global Health. As a co-Founder and co-Director of the Yale/Stanford Johnson and Johnson Global Health Scholar Award,she has sent over 1000 physicians overseas to underserved areas to help strengthen health infrastructure in low resource settings. She also is current co-PI of two NIH initiatives: Global Health Equity Scholars Program and the NIH-MEPI to twin University of Zimbabwe Health Sciences with Stanford. As a past President of the American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, she led an educational initiative in tropical medicine and travelers health which culminated in diploma courses in tropical medicine both in the U.S. and overseas, as well as a U.S. certification exam. Dr. Barry is an elected member of the Institute of Medicine and National Academy of Science. She also sits on the the Board of Directors of the Consortium of Universities involved in Global Health (CUGH) and the Foundation for Advancement in International Education (FAIMER).
Areas of scholarly interest include ethical issues involving research overseas, clinical tropical medicine, emerging infectious diseases, problems of underserved populations and globalization’'s impact upon health in the developing world.'
Projects: 
Stanford Global Health Consortium: Innovation, Design, Evaluation, and Action, Stanford University (2010 - Present)
Title: 
Stanford Global Health Consortium: Innovation, Design, Evaluation, and Action
Detail: 

CIDEA Stanford Global Health Consortium: Innovation, Design, Evaluation, and Action

Location

Madagascar

Yale/Stanford Johnson and Johnson Global Health Scholars Mary Duke Scholar program, Stanford University
Title: 
Yale/Stanford Johnson and Johnson Global Health Scholars Mary Duke Scholar program
Detail: 

The Office of Global Health funds Stanford faculty, residents and students to the above sites for clinical, educational and research purposes depending upon the site chosen. Independent research projects can be developed especially at the Bangladesh site.

Location

Eritrea, Bangladesh, Liberia, Indonesia, Malawi, Nepal, Uganda, South Africa

49729-Programmic: Novel, Stanford University
Title: 
49729-Programmic: Novel
Detail: 

Programmatic: Novel Education Clinical Trainees and Researchers (NECTAR) Program

Location

Zimbabwe

Bangladesh Stanford Global Health Collaboration, Stanford University
Title: 
Bangladesh Stanford Global Health Collaboration
Detail: 

Null

Location

Bangladesh

Global Health Fellows and Scholars Research and Training Program, Stanford University
Title: 
Global Health Fellows and Scholars Research and Training Program
Detail: 

We propose to establish a Support Center (Consortium) involving University of California- Berkeley, Yale University, Stanford University and Florida International University to train postdoctoral fellows, PhD graduate students, and medical students

Location

Bangladesh, Kenya, Zimbabwe

Fogarty Global Health Equity Scholars Fellowship, Stanford University
Title: 
Fogarty Global Health Equity Scholars Fellowship
Detail: 

The Global Health Equity Scholars (GHES) fellowship is a one-year research training program for post-doctoral fellows, upper-level PhD students and professional school (MD, DVM, DrPH, DDS, PharmD) students.

Location

Bangladesh, Kenya, Zimbabwe

Teaching
Courses Taught: 
Academic Year: 
2016-17
Courses: 
Independent Study Courses: 
Directed Reading in Environment and Resources
ENVRES 398 (Aut, Win, Spr, Sum)
Directed Reading in Medicine
MED 299 (Aut, Win, Spr, Sum)
Directed Research in Environment and Resources
ENVRES 399 (Aut, Win, Spr, Sum)
Early Clinical Experience in Medicine
MED 280 (Aut, Win, Spr, Sum)
Graduate Research
MED 399 (Aut, Win, Spr, Sum)
Medical Scholars Research
MED 370 (Aut, Win, Spr, Sum)
Undergraduate Research
MED 199 (Aut, Win, Spr, Sum)
Academic Year: 
2015-16
Courses: 
Independent Study Courses: 
Directed Reading in Environment and Resources
ENVRES 398 (Aut, Win, Spr, Sum)
Directed Reading in Medicine
MED 299 (Aut, Win, Spr, Sum)
Directed Research in Environment and Resources
ENVRES 399 (Aut, Win, Spr, Sum)
Early Clinical Experience in Medicine
MED 280 (Aut, Win, Spr, Sum)
Graduate Research
MED 399 (Aut, Win, Spr, Sum)
Medical Scholars Research
MED 370 (Aut, Win, Spr, Sum)
Ph.D. Qualifying Tutorial
ENVRES 410 (Aut, Win, Sum)
Undergraduate Research
MED 199 (Aut, Win, Spr, Sum)
Academic Year: 
2014-15
Independent Study Courses: 
Directed Reading in Medicine
MED 299 (Aut, Win, Spr, Sum)
Directed Research in Environment and Resources
ENVRES 399 (Aut, Win, Spr, Sum)
Early Clinical Experience in Medicine
MED 280 (Aut, Win, Spr, Sum)
Graduate Research
MED 399 (Aut, Win, Spr, Sum)
Medical Scholars Research
MED 370 (Aut, Win, Spr, Sum)
Ph.D. Qualifying Tutorial
ENVRES 410 (Aut, Win, Spr, Sum)
Undergraduate Research
MED 199 (Aut, Win, Spr, Sum)
Academic Year: 
2013-14
Independent Study Courses: 
Directed Reading in Medicine
MED 299 (Aut, Win, Spr, Sum)
Directed Research in Environment and Resources
ENVRES 399 (Aut, Win, Spr, Sum)
Early Clinical Experience in Medicine
MED 280 (Aut, Win, Spr, Sum)
Graduate Research
MED 399 (Aut, Win, Spr, Sum)
Medical Scholars Research
MED 370 (Aut, Win, Spr, Sum)
Ph.D. Qualifying Tutorial
ENVRES 410 (Aut, Win, Spr, Sum)
Undergraduate Research
MED 199 (Aut, Win, Spr, Sum)
Advisees: 
Publications
Is a Cholera Outbreak Preventable in Post-earthquake Nepal? PLoS neglected tropical diseases Nelson, E. J., Andrews, J. R., Maples, S., Barry, M., Clemens, J. D. 2015; 9 (8)

View details for DOI 10.1371/journal.pntd.0003961

View details for PubMedID 26270343

Effects of Land Use on Plague (Yersinia pestis) Activity in Rodents in Tanzania AMERICAN JOURNAL OF TROPICAL MEDICINE AND HYGIENE McCauley, D. J., Salkeld, D. J., Young, H. S., Makundi, R., Dirzo, R., Eckerlin, R. P., Lambin, E. F., Gaffikin, L., Barry, M., Helgen, K. M. 2015; 92 (4): 776-783

Abstract

Understanding the effects of land-use change on zoonotic disease risk is a pressing global health concern. Here, we compare prevalence of Yersinia pestis, the etiologic agent of plague, in rodents across two land-use types-agricultural and conserved-in northern Tanzania. Estimated abundance of seropositive rodents nearly doubled in agricultural sites compared with conserved sites. This relationship between land-use type and abundance of seropositive rodents is likely mediated by changes in rodent and flea community composition, particularly via an increase in the abundance of the commensal species, Mastomys natalensis, in agricultural habitats. There was mixed support for rodent species diversity negatively impacting Y. pestis seroprevalence. Together, these results suggest that land-use change could affect the risk of local transmission of plague, and raise critical questions about transmission dynamics at the interface of conserved and agricultural habitats. These findings emphasize the importance of understanding disease ecology in the context of rapidly proceeding landscape change.

View details for DOI 10.4269/ajtmh.14-0504

View details for Web of Science ID 000352828200018

View details for PubMedID 25711606

International aid and natural disasters: a pre- and post-earthquake longitudinal study of the healthcare infrastructure in leogane, haiti. American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene Kligerman, M., Barry, M., Walmer, D., Bendavid, E. 2015; 92 (2): 448-453

Abstract

The reconstruction of healthcare systems in developing countries after natural disasters is poorly understood. Using data collected before and after the 2010 Haiti earthquake, we detail the response of aid agencies and their interaction with local healthcare providers in Leogane, the city closest to the epicenter. We find that the period after the earthquake was associated with an increase in the total number of healthcare facilities, inpatient beds, and surgical facilities and that international aid has been a driving force behind this recovery. Aid has funded 12 of 13 new healthcare facilities that have opened since the earthquake as well as the reconstruction of 7 of 8 healthcare facilities that have been rebuilt. Despite increases in free, aid-financed healthcare, private Haitian healthcare facilities have remained at a constant number. The planned phase-out of several aid-financed facilities, however, will leave Leogane with fewer inpatient beds and healthcare services compared with the pre-earthquake period.

View details for DOI 10.4269/ajtmh.14-0379

View details for PubMedID 25510716

View details for PubMedCentralID PMC4347354

Innovations to Enhance the Quality of Health Professions Education at the University of Zimbabwe College of Health Sciences-NECTAR Program ACADEMIC MEDICINE Ndhlovu, C. E., Nathoo, K., Borok, M., Chidzonga, M., Aagaard, E. M., Connors, S. C., Barry, M., Campbell, T., Hakim, J. 2014; 89 (8): S88-S92

Abstract

The University of Zimbabwe College of Health Sciences (UZCHS) is Zimbabwe's premier health professions training institution. However, several concerns were raised during the past decade over the quality of health education at UZCHS. The number of faculty and students declined markedly until 2010, when there was a medical student intake of 147 while the faculty comprised only 122 (39%) of a possible 314 positions. The economic and political crises that the country experienced from 1999 to 2009 compounded the difficulties faced by the institution by limiting the availability of resources. The Medical Education Partnership Initiative funding opportunity has given UZCHS the stimulus to embark on reforms to improve the quality of health education it offers. UZCHS, in partnership with the University of Colorado School of Medicine, the University of Colorado Denver Evaluation Center, and Stanford University, designed the Novel Education Clinical Trainees and Researchers (NECTAR) program to implement a series of health education innovations to meet this challenge. Between 2010 and 2013, innovations that have positively affected the quality of health professions education at UZCHS include the launch of comprehensive faculty development programs and mentored clinical and research programs for postgraduate students. A competency-based curriculum reform process has been initiated, a health professions department has been established, and the Research Support Center has been strengthened, providing critical resources to institutionalize health education and research implementation at the college. A core group of faculty trained in medical education has been assembled, helping to ensure the sustainability of these NECTAR activities.

View details for DOI 10.1097/ACM.0000000000000336

View details for Web of Science ID 000340290200023

View details for PubMedID 25072588

Treating hepatitis C in lower-income countries. New England journal of medicine Jayasekera, C. R., Barry, M., Roberts, L. R., Nguyen, M. H. 2014; 370 (20): 1869-1871

View details for DOI 10.1056/NEJMp1400160

View details for PubMedID 24720680

High prevalence of chronic kidney disease in a community survey of urban Bangladeshis: a cross-sectional study. Globalization and health Anand, S., Khanam, M. A., Saquib, J., Saquib, N., Ahmed, T., Alam, D. S., Cullen, M. R., Barry, M., Chertow, G. M. 2014; 10 (1): 9-?

View details for DOI 10.1186/1744-8603-10-9

View details for PubMedID 24555767

Meeting the Challenges of Global Health; pages 37-41 Stanford Social Innovation Review Denend, L., Lockwood, A., Barry, M., Zenios, S. 2014; 12 (Number 2)
An ethics curriculum for short-term global health trainees GLOBALIZATION AND HEALTH Decamp, M., Rodriguez, J., Hecht, S., Barry, M., Sugarman, J. 2013; 9

Abstract

Interest in short-term global health training and service programs continues to grow, yet they can be associated with a variety of ethical issues for which trainees or others with limited global health experience may not be prepared to address. Therefore, there is a clear need for educational interventions concerning these ethical issues.We developed and evaluated an introductory curriculum, "Ethical Challenges in Short-term Global Health Training." The curriculum was developed through solicitation of actual ethical issues experienced by trainees and program leaders; content drafting; and external content review. It was then evaluated from November 1, 2011, through July 1, 2012, by analyzing web usage data and by conducting user surveys. The survey included basic demographic data; prior experience in global health and global health ethics; and assessment of cases within the curriculum.The ten case curriculum is freely available at http://ethicsandglobalhealth.org. An average of 238 unique visitors accessed the site each month (standard deviation, 19). Of users who had been abroad before for global health training or service, only 31% reported prior ethics training related to short-term work. Most users (62%) reported accessing the site via personal referral or their training program; however, a significant number (28%) reported finding the site via web search, and 8% discovered it via web links. Users represented different fields: medicine (46%), public health (15%), and nursing (11%) were most common. All cases in the curriculum were evaluated favorably.The curriculum is meeting a critical need for an introduction to the ethical issues in short-term global health training. Future work will integrate this curriculum within more comprehensive curricula for global health and evaluate specific knowledge and behavioral effects, including at training sites abroad.

View details for DOI 10.1186/1744-8603-9-5

View details for Web of Science ID 000315939700001

View details for PubMedID 23410089

Reuters - Opinion, The Great Debate Internet access is a vital healthcare tool Barry, M. 2013
Reflecting on Short-Term International Service-Learning Trips ACADEMIC MEDICINE Crump, J. A., Decamp, M., Barry, M., Sugarman, J. 2013; 88 (1): 10-11

View details for DOI 10.1097/ACM.0b013e3182753f25

View details for Web of Science ID 000312795900009

View details for PubMedID 23267221

High prevalence of type 2 diabetes among the urban middle class in Bangladesh. BMC public health Saquib, N., Khanam, M. A., Saquib, J., Anand, S., Chertow, G. M., Barry, M., Ahmed, T., Cullen, M. R. 2013; 13: 1032-?

Abstract

The prevalence of type-2 diabetes and metabolic syndrome are increasing in the developing world; we assessed their prevalence among the urban middle class in Bangladesh.In this cross-sectional survey (n = 402), we randomly selected consenting adults (≥ 30 years) from a middle-income neighborhood in Dhaka. We assessed demography, lifestyle, and health status, measured physical indices and blood pressure and obtained blood samples. We evaluated two primary outcomes: (1) type-2 diabetes (fasting blood glucose ≥ 7.0 mmol/L or hemoglobin A1C ≥ 6.5% (48 mmol/mol) or diabetes medication use) and (2) insulin resistance (type-2 diabetes or metabolic syndrome using International Diabetes Federation criteria).Mean age and Quételet's (body mass) index were 49.4 ± 12.6 years and 27.0 ± 5.1 kg/m²; 83% were married, 41% had ≥12 years of education, 47% were employed, 47% had a family history of diabetes. Thirty-five percent had type-2 diabetes and 45% had metabolic syndrome. In multivariate models older age and family history of diabetes were significantly associated with type-2 diabetes. Older age, female sex, overweight or obese, high wealth index and positive family history of diabetes were significantly associated with insulin resistance. Participants with type-2 diabetes or insulin resistance had significantly poorer physical health only if they had associated cardiovascular disease.The prevalence of type-2 diabetes and metabolic syndrome among the middle class in Dhaka is alarmingly high. Screening services should be implemented while researchers focus on strategies to lessen the incidence and morbidity associated with these conditions.

View details for DOI 10.1186/1471-2458-13-1032

View details for PubMedID 24172217

Transient Facial Swellings in a Patient With a Remote African Travel History JOURNAL OF TRAVEL MEDICINE Richardson, E. T., Luo, R., Fink, D. L., Nutman, T. B., Geisse, J. K., Barry, M. 2012; 19 (3): 183-185

Abstract

We present a case of Loa loa infection in a patient, 21 years after visiting an endemic area for only 4 days. To our knowledge, this case represents the longest time for the diagnosis of loiasis to be made post-exposure in a traveler and emphasizes that even short exposures can place travelers at risk.

View details for DOI 10.1111/j.1708-8305.2012.00612.x

View details for Web of Science ID 000303197900009

View details for PubMedID 22530826

Tb in a Global Health Exchange Program JOURNAL OF GENERAL INTERNAL MEDICINE Decamp, M., Crump, J. A., Rodriguez, J., Richardson, G., Barry, M., Sugarman, J. 2012; 27 (1): 7-7

View details for DOI 10.1007/s11606-011-1908-1

View details for Web of Science ID 000298883900004

View details for PubMedID 22012345

Health Technologies and Innovation in the Global Health Arena NEW ENGLAND JOURNAL OF MEDICINE Sinha, S. R., Barry, M. 2011; 365 (9): 779-782

View details for Web of Science ID 000294405200002

View details for PubMedID 21879894

Short-Term Global Health Research Projects by US Medical Students: Ethical Challenges for Partnerships AMERICAN JOURNAL OF TROPICAL MEDICINE AND HYGIENE Provenzano, A. M., Graber, L. K., Elansary, M., Khoshnood, K., Rastegar, A., Barry, M. 2010; 83 (2): 211-214

Abstract

Recent interest in global health among medical students has grown drastically, and many students now spend time abroad conducting short-term research projects in low-resource settings. These short-term stints in developing countries present important ethical challenges to US-based students and their medical schools as well as the institutions that host such students abroad. This paper outlines some of these ethical issues and puts forth recommendations for ethically mindful short-term student research.

View details for DOI 10.4269/ajtmh.2010.09-0692

View details for Web of Science ID 000280694300003

View details for PubMedID 20682858

GLOBAL HEALTH Fifty Years of US Embargo: Cuba's Health Outcomes and Lessons SCIENCE Drain, P. K., Barry, M. 2010; 328 (5978): 572-573

View details for DOI 10.1126/science.1189680

View details for Web of Science ID 000277159800024

View details for PubMedID 20430999

Ethics and Best Practice Guidelines for Training Experiences in Global Health Am J Trop Med Hyg Crump JA, Sugarman J, Barry, M et al 2010; 83 (6): 1178-1182
Talking Dirty-The Politics of Clean Water and Sanitation NEJM Barry M, Hughes J. 2008; 359 (8): 784-787
The Tail End of Guinea Worm - Global Eradication without a Drug or Vaccine NEJM Barry M 2007; 356 (25): 2561-2564
Suburban Leptospirosis: Atypical Lymphocytosis and Gamma-delta T cell response. Clinical Infectious Diseases Barry M, Wisnewski A, Matthias M, Inoye S, Vinetz J. 2006; 43 (Nov 15): 1306
Presidential Address - Disease without borders: globalization's challenge to the American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene: A call for public advocacy and activism. Am J Trop Med Hyg Barry M 2003; 69 (1): 3-7
The International Health Program: The fifteen year experience with Yale University's Internal Medicine Residency Program. Am J Trop Med Hyg Gupta A, Wells C, Horwitz R, Bia F, Barry M. 1999; 61 (6): 1019-1023
Treatment of a Laboratory Acquired Infection of Sabiá Virus. NEJM Barry M, Armstrong L, Russi M, Dembry L, Geller D, Tesh R, Gonzalez JP, Khan A, Peters CJ. 1995; 333: 294-296
Zimbabwe: Health care changes after independence and transition to majority rule. JAMA Barry M, Cullen M, Thomas JEP, Loewenson R. 1990; 263 (5): 638-640
Ethical considerations of human investigation in developing countries: The AIDS dilemma. NEJM Barry M. 1988; 319 (16): 1083-1086